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Army of Women FAQ

Have questions about how the Army of Women works? We've got the answers you're looking for in our FAQs.


Current Projects

Project Title Phase Ib Trial of 2nd Generation Designer T Cells in Metastatic Breast Cancer

Researcher Richard Junghans, PhD, MD, Associate Professor of Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, and Roger Williams Medical Center, Providence, Rhode Island

Study Summary The purpose of this Phase Ib clinical trial is to determine whether a high dose of designer T cells is better when given with or without interleukin 2 (IL2), a drug that is thought to stimulate the immune system. For this reason, some of the study participants will receive modified T cells alone, whereas others will receive modified T cells along with IL2. The researcher would like to enroll about 12 people in this study. Phase I studies typically look at the safety and side effects of a new treatment. This is a Phase Ib study, so it is not only monitoring safety but also looking at whether the experimental treatment being studied is effective. In this case, effectiveness will be measured by how active the T cells become and how much the tumor shrinks.

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Project Title The Milk Study

Researcher Kathleen Arcaro, Ph.D., University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Amherst, MA

Study Summary Researchers at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst are studying the breast cells normally found in breast milk to see if there are any epigenetic differences–which have the potential to be reversed–between women whose biopsies turn out to be healthy and those whose biopsies show a problem, such as cancer. Learning more about these epigenetic differences may eventually help researchers develop a way to provide women with information about their breast cancer risk. The researchers have already enrolled more than 250 women, but most of the samples have come from Caucasian women. Since breast cancer risk factors differ among ethnic groups, the researchers are particularly interested in enrolling African-American women, Latinas, Asian women, and other ethnic minorities.

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Project Title Breast Cancer Risk in Young Women Study

Researcher Paul Goodfellow, PhD, The Ohio State University College of Medicine, Columbus, OH, and Jennifer Ivanovich, MS, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO

Study Summary The purpose of the study is to learn what genetic factors may play a role in the development of breast cancer in young women. The researchers need to recruit 5,000 women who were diagnosed with invasive breast cancer when they were 40 years old or younger for this study.

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Project Title Breast Cancer Microbiota Study

Researcher Ece Mutlu, MD, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois

Study Summary The purpose of this study is to find out what types of bacteria are found in the intestines and how these bacteria metabolize estrogen and other female hormones. The researchers are comparing the bacteria found in women who have never had breast cancer, women who have been diagnosed with breast cancer within the last 5 years, and women who have never had breast cancer but who have a first-degree relative WITH breast cancer.

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Project Title Pregnancy and Breast Cancer Risk Study

Researcher Ana Soto, M.D., Tufts University, Boston, MA

Study Summary The research team will analyze breast tissue samples from women without breast cancer. They are studying both women who have given birth (both early and later in life) and those who have not. They are specifically looking at the stroma, the breast tissue that supports the breast ducts, as they want to determine what role it plays in breast cancer. They are also going to study whether the age a woman becomes pregnant, the number of pregnancies she has had, and whether or not she has breast-fed has an affect on the stroma.

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Project Title Inflammation Changes Over Time In Obese, Overweight, and Normal Weight Women

Researcher Edward Sauter, MD, PhD, M.H.A., University of Texas Health Sciences Center in Tyler, Texas

Study Summary The research team is studying nipple aspirate fluid and blood to determine if inflammation biomarkers are: 1. higher in breast fluid than in the circulating blood; 2. higher in obese and overweight women compared with normal weight women; and 3. more variable through the menstrual cycle of premenopausal women compared to postmenopausal women.

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Project Title Low Dose Tamoxifen Breast Cancer Prevention Study

Researcher Smita Bhatia, MD, MS, City of Hope,

Study Summary The purpose of this study is to determine the effectiveness of two years of low-dose tamoxifen on breast density and other biological markers (biomarkers) associated with increased breast cancer risk in female childhood, adolescent, and young adult cancer survivors treated with chest or axilla radiation by the age of 40. The study is also measuring the safety and tolerability of tamoxifen at the lower dose. This will be determined by laboratory test results and questionnaires on side effects.

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Project Title Interpersonal Therapy for Depression in Breast Cancer Study

Researcher Carlos Blanco, MD, PhD, New York State Psychiatric Institute/Columbia University, New York, NY

Study Summary The purpose of this study is to see which type of talk therapy is the most effective treatment for depression in women and men who have had a breast cancer diagnosis. It is open to women and men who were diagnosed with stage I-IV breast cancer more than six months ago.

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Project Title Sister Survivor: Improving the Survivorship Care of African-American Women with Breast Cancer

Researcher Kimlin Ashing-Giwa, PhD, City of Hope, and the African American Breast Cancer Coalition

Study Summary The purpose of this study is to evaluate the impact of a peer navigator program on helping African-American breast cancer survivors obtain and follow a survivorship care plan. A survivorship care plan consists of two components: (1) a treatment summary describing the cancer diagnosis, history, stage, and primary treatments received; and (2) a follow-up care plan that includes information on recovering from treatment, ways to maintain good health, and recommendations for care.

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Project Title Genomics and Breast Cancer Risk in Hispanic Women Study

Researcher Susan Neuhausen, PhD, City of Hope, Duarte, CA

Study Summary The goal of this study is to learn more about breast cancer in Hispanic women by studying Hispanic women with breast cancer and Hispanic women who have never had breast cancer. The research team has enrolled Hispanic women with breast cancer for the study. Now, they need Hispanic women who have never had any type of cancer (skin cancers are okay). If you enroll in this study, you will NOT receive any individual genetic test results. Every participant is assigned a coded study number, and no genetic information is connected to her name. There is no way for the researchers to ever tell you anything about your test results. By taking part in this study, you will help researchers help future generations of Hispanic Women.

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Project Title Study of High-Dose Vitamin D Supplementation in Premenopausal Women at High Risk for Breast Cancer

Researcher Katherine Crew, MD, MS, Columbia University, New York, NY

Study Summary The research team is studying whether high-dose vitamin D supplements can prevent breast cancer in high-risk women by reducing breast density, as seen on mammography. Southwest Oncology Group (SWOG) is sponsoring the study. The investigators include: Katherine Crew, MD, MS, and Dawn Hershman, MD, MS, Columbia University, New York, NY; Powel Brown, MD, PhD, MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX; Gary Goodman, MD, SWOG Chemoprevention Subcommittee and Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA; Garnet Anderson, PhD, and Danika Lew, MS, SWOG Data Operations and Statistical Center, Seattle, WA; and all participating SWOG members, the Community Clinical Oncology Program (CCOP), and Affiliate Medical Oncologists and Surgeons. SWOG is one of the five cooperative groups that together comprise the National Cancer Institute’s National Clinical Trials Network. SWOG designs and conducts multidisciplinary clinical trials to improve the practice of medicine in preventing, detecting, and treating cancer, and to enhance the quality of life for cancer survivors. Learn more about SWOG here: http://www.swog.org/Visitors/AboutUs.asp

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Project Title Women's Hormonal Therapy Initiation and Persistence (WHIP) Study

Researcher Vanessa Sheppard, Ph.D., Georgetown University

Study Summary The purpose of this study is to learn more about how women taking hormonal therapies for breast cancer treatment feel about their medications. The research team needs 300 women to participate in this study.

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Project Title Breast Cancer Risk Assessment in Nursing Mothers

Researcher Edward Sauter, MD, PhD, M.H.A., University of Texas Health Sciences Center at Tyler (UTHSCT).

Study Summary The purpose of the study is to analyze biomarkers found in breast milk from women who are breastfeeding. The research team wants to learn more about biomarkers that may be linked to breast cancer risk and the effect that breastfeeding has on these biomarkers. The researchers need 200 women to participate in this study.

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Project Title A Pilot Study of the Flaxseed Effects on Hormones and Lignans: Role of Race, Genes, and Gut Microbiome

Researcher Susan McCann, PhD, Roswell Park Cancer Institute

Study Summary The purpose of this study is to determine whether adding flaxseed (a food high in compounds that can change hormones) to a regular diet changes hormones that are related to breast cancer risk and if the effect of flaxseed differs between African- American and Caucasian women.

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Project Title Acupuncture for Joint Symptoms in Women with Early Stage Breast Cancer

Researcher Southwest Oncology Group, (SWOG)

Study Summary The purpose of this study is to test whether 12-weeks of acupuncture can help reduce joint pain or stiffness caused by hormonal therapy for breast cancer. The researchers need to enroll 228 women in this study.

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Project Title Breast Density Patterns in African immigrant and African-American women

Researcher Tomi Akinyemiju, PhD, Columbia University, New York, NY

Study Summary The purpose of this study is to examine the patterns of breast density (the non-fatty portion of breast tissue) among African immigrant and African-American women living in the United States, and to find out factors that affect the amount of breast density in women. The researchers need to enroll 300 women to participate in this study.

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Project Title A Phase II Study of Neratinib in Metastatic HER2 Non-amplified but HER2 Mutant Breast Cancer

Researcher Cynthia Ma, M.D., Ph.D., Washington University, St Louis, MO

Study Summary The purpose of this study is to see whether neratinib is effective in treating HER2-negative metastatic tumors that have this specific HER2 mutation. The first part of the study is a preliminary screening. During this part of the study, your tumor tissue will be tested to see if it has the HER2 mutation the researchers are looking for. If your tumor has the mutation, you will be given more information about the main research study, which is investigating the effectiveness of neratinib.

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Project Title Asian American Community Health Initiative

Researcher Scarlett Lin Gomez, PhD, at the Cancer Prevention Institute of California; Asian & Pacific Islander American Health Forum; Asian Health Services; Asian Americans for Community Involvement

Study Summary The overall goal of this study is to gather information that can help us understand why breast cancer rates are high and increasing among some Asian American, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander women in the San Francisco Bay Area. To do this the research team needs to gather information from both women with and without breast cancer. The research team has already enrolled women with breast cancer, therefore the Army of Women is only recruiting women who have never had breast cancer.

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